A good way to remember the difference between these two dashes is to visualize the en dash as the length of the letter N and the em dash as the length of the letter M. These dashes not only differ in length; they also serve different functions within a sentence. Dumb rule 4: In a sentence with an interrupted quotation, the speaker tag is followed by a comma before the quotation marks. He's been having nightmares about war ever since he watched the news on television. in the middle of a sentence, never at the beginning or end. In each of these sample sentences, the speaker tag interrupts the quotation. He was standing in the middle of the room. Enough for half a sentence? The 2015–2016 fiscal year was the most profitable year for the new business. 163+7 sentence examples: 1. If you took out "to her," however, you would need to restore the first comma. See the following examples: After a split second of hesitation, the second baseman leaped for the ball (or, rather, limped for it). This is how to use nevertheless in formal writing such as business emails, correspondence, etc.. This isn't to say you cannot have "therefore" in your sentence, but rather that having it in the middle of your sentence would tend to add two pauses when only one is necessary if you had it in the beginning. Actually, rules 7 and 8 aren’t completely dumb. My wife always steals all the covers in bed, so I always wake up in the middle of the night feeling cold. 2. For example, a fishing rod, matches, and a sleeping bag. That’s okay. The police finally had to put up a barrier in the middle of the street in order to stop a teenager who had been speeding through the downtown core. A note on punctuation: the word "respectively" is put at the end of the sentence or phrase it refers to, and it is set off with a comma (or commas if "respectively" occurs in the middle of the sentence). The teacher assigned pages 101–181 for tonight’s reading material. 5. 239+35 sentence examples: 1. Separate independent clauses using “therefore.” You can use “therefore” in the middle of a sentence that includes 2 independent clauses, but not a sentence that contains dependent clauses. The plague was greatly feared in the Middle Ages. Dumb rule 3: In a sentence with an interrupted quotation, the comma is inside the quotation marks for the first half of a quotation. Using the En Dash to Denote a Connection. Dumb rule 8: No comma separates the quotation from the rest of the sentence if the quotation doesn’t have a speaker tag. In the very nature of things, articulation is an unsatisfactory means of education; while the use of the manual alphabet quickens and invigorates mental activity, since through it the deaf child is brought into close contact with the English language, and the highest and most abstract ideas may be conveyed to the mind readily and accurately. The Middle East still soaks up a lot of diplomatic effort. Where to Put a Comma if Dates Appear in the Middle of Sentences? In a sentence with an interrupted quotation, the comma is inside the quotation marks for the first … When you plop a speaker tag right in the middle of someone’s conversation, make sure that you don’t create a run-on sentence: Wrong: “When you move a piano, you must be careful,” squeaked Al, “I could have been killed.”, Right: “When you move a piano, you must be careful,” squeaked Al. Dumb rule 7: If the quotation doesn’t have a speaker tag, the first word of the quotation is not capitalized. You can find dates in the middle of sentences as well. on both sides of a list in the middle of a sentence when that list contains commas confusing Louie stormed into the room and took four items off the desk, a pen, a paper clip, and two sheets of paper, before leaving in a hurry. Also, omitting the comma preserves the flow of the sentence. Enough material for two sentences? Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence. How do you use in the middle of a sentence? Here you look at the proper punctuation for statements in quotations with and without speaker tags. In a market populated by less than a handful of titles, Wolfpack Studios Inc.: The show is hosted by Tim Connolly, CEO of Merchant Banker Corporate Strategies, Inc. Corn based ethanol production by companies like Archer Daniels-Midland, Aventine Renewable Energy and Pacific Ethanol, Inc. Exports to the Middle East were up 15 . That means e.g. However, APA style endorses using "they" if it is someone's (for example, a non-binary person's) preferred pronoun. Learn collocations of Middle with free vocabulary lessons. Time for some more dumb rules for interrupted quotations. he likes super heroes” or the sentence… Goodnight currently is working on a slavery monument called Middle Passage. They are pretty. “I could have been killed.”. Also okay. A variety of applications to extremal combinatorics and computational complexity are discussed, in addition to a number of open problems. Not okay, unless you write two sentences. I like butterflies because they are pretty. Dumb rule 2: When the speaker tag comes last, put a comma inside the quotation marks and a period at the end of the sentence. Dumb rule 6: In a sentence with an interrupted quotation, the second half of a quotation does not begin with a capital letter. 2. 2. Ending a sentence with a preposition has become more accepted in some formal writing situations, but you will need to refer to your analysis of your audience’s expectations. When I go camping, I bring lots of things. If you’re reporting a lengthy statement, you’re probably better off with a speaker tag and the complete quotation. 1. Where to put a comma, in this case, depends on what type of date you have to punctuate. Because they are pretty, I like butterflies. The scheduled window for the cable installation is 1:00–3:00pm. When the dash is used in this way, it creates a compound adjective. 4 percent. 2. In the Middle Ages England waged war on France. Our car broke down in the middle of the street. Keep in mind that it doesn’t matter where you put the speaker tag as long as you punctuate the sentence correctly. Those animals lived in the Middle Ages. You have been successfully subscribed to the Grammarly blog. “H—— are all the same. The APA recommends using he or she, recasting the sentence with a plural subject to allow correct use of they, or simply rewriting the sentence to avoid issues with gender or number. Mood: How to Use Tone and Mood in Your Writing, 5 Writing "Rules" That Are Really Guidelines, Beware of These Common Consistency Issues in Writing. Sometimes a speaker tag lands in the middle of a sentence. Enough material for one sentence? Nevertheless contrasts a second point with the first point. Dumb rule 1: When the speaker tag comes first, put a comma after the speaker tag. He stopped short in the middle of his So in the interests of reducing pauses and not being as long-winded, I would rewrite it as follows: Method A requires difficult computation. Dashes are used to separate groups of words, not to separate parts of words like a hyphen does. What these churches have to offer, in addition to intangibles like eternal salvation, is concrete, material assistance. A dash is a little horizontal line that floats in the middle of a line of text (not at the bottom: that’s an underscore). The rule is this: If the information added by the who or which clause is just additional information (i.e., it’s not essential to identify another word in the sentence), then you should offset the clause with commas. Check out these examples: According to the blurb on the book jacket, Anna’s history of geometry is said to be “thrilling and unbelievable” by all who read it. In this context, the dash should be interpreted as meaning either “to” or “through.” Consider the examples below: The en dash may also be used to indicate a connection between two words. The cups are placed symmetrically on the end of the arms, and it is easy to see that the wind always has the hollow of one cup presented to it; the back of the cup on the opposite end of the cross also faces the wind, but the pressure on it is naturally less, and hence a continual rotation is produced; each cup in turn as it comes round providing the necessary force. If a sentence is correct, put a check (√) next to it If a sentence is incorrect, fix it. Writing, grammar, and communication tips for your inbox. How to Punctuate Quotations in Statements, Past and Past Participles of Common Irregular English Verbs. In these cases, em dashes appear in pairs or threesomes. The Nobel Prize–winning author will be reading from her book at the library tonight. Voices of hatred in the Middle East killed Prime Minister Rabin. Comma Before As Well As. 3. Notice that when you use because at the beginning of the sentence, you must use a comma (,) after the first part (which is called the adverb clause.) He sneaked away in the middle of the meeting. This eighteenth-century manuscript is interesting. “Lola’s candidate isn’t a sure bet now,” the gang continued. The Middl = The product didn’t sell well, but despite that it was a success. Dumb rule 5: In a sentence with an interrupted quotation, the period at the end of the sentence is inside the quotation marks. 4. See the following examples: The punctuation and capitalization rules for these sentences are a little different, though not more logical than other types of quotation rules. Clauses that begin with "that" are usually essential to the sentence and do not require commas. Fred Alger today announced that Dan Chung has been promoted to President of Fred Alger Management, Inc. It has a similar meaning to despite this:. When the dash is used in this way, it creates a compound adjective. https://www.essaysupply.com/blog/using-etcetera-in-academic-writing Use an en dash when you need to connect terms that are already hyphenated or when you are using a two-word phrase as a modifier. They cause trouble wherever they go.”, Carved into the dresser drawer was a faded inscription: “Made for Kristina, by your de——ted sailor.”. You can see here that we have a continued thought after the quotation that explains the conclusions that this writer would like the audience to draw from that quotation. Punctuation with quotations gives many people problems. In place of ‘however’ or ‘but’ “I do not usually drink coffee, though I’ve had 2 cups today.” Used after a … An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence, or you can separate independent clauses using … If I were forced to punctuate the sentence as you have actually worded it, I would leave out the commas and use the following excuse if somebody asked me why I left them out. Use an en dash when you need to connect terms that are already hyphenated or when you are using a two-word phrase as a modifier. When Michael said that the book “wasn’t as exciting as watching paint dry,” Anna threw a pie in his face. She is the author of more than 50 books, including English Grammar Workbook For Dummies and Research Papers For Dummies. The period at the end of the sentence goes inside the quotation marks. He talked of peace in the Middle East and in Ireland. For instance, em dashes can replace parentheses at the end of a sentence or when multiple commas appear in a parenthetical phrase. Following are the examples for both APA 7th and APA 6th referencing style. Colons enable a writer to introduce a clause that amplifies whatever came before the colon. Quoted material doesn’t need to express a complete thought. However, em dashes are more emphatic than colons. This first example is a narrative example where the author's name is part of the sentence. He is afraid of two things: spiders and senior prom. After a split second of hesitation, the second baseman leaped for the ball—or, rather, limped for it. And since the cat is listed second, its name would be the second name listed in the sentence (Sam). A reference or citation can be positioned at the beginning, middle or end of a sentence. Directions: The following sentences use the phrases in this lesson. For example, the sentence, “I.e. The pond is in the middle of a wood. 5. The en dash may also be used to indicate a connection between two words. Geraldine Woods has more than 35 years of teaching experience. It’s longer than a hyphen and is commonly used to indicate a range or a pause. As in: "A mallard, a kind of duck, attacked me.". Not all sentences with quotations include speaker tags. What is left? If a dependent clause ends the sentence, however, it no longer requires a comma. Learn how to use Middle using many example sentences. The most common types of dashes are the en dash (–) and the em dash (—). The en dash is often used to indicate spans of time or ranges of numbers. Notice that quotations without speaker tags tend to be short. If you want to extract only a few, relevant words from someone’s speech, you can probably do without a speaker tag. “I think I’ll sue,” Betsy explained, “for emotional distress.”, “You can’t imagine,” she added, “what I felt.”. Recall that en dashes are slightly shorter in length than em dashes. To write proper English, you need to follow all the punctuation rules, even the illogical ones. Here are a couple of examples of integrating quotations into the middle of a sentence. One more: I like butterflies. The abbreviation “i.e.” should always appear after the first section of the sentence, in the middle, so it is grammatically correct. A former employee of the accused company, ———, offered a statement off the record. 3. When you use e.g. “I support a different candidate,” screamed Lola. The product didn’t sell as well this year as last year, but nevertheless it was a success. He is afraid of two things—spiders and senior prom. Use “in which” to avoid ending a sentence with a preposition, especially in more formal writing. Why? In the Middle Ages, philosophy and theology were inextricable. The place that "also" takes in a sentence decides what the sentence would mean: to further explain, even if words in a sentence do not change, it is the particular place which "also" occupies in the sentence that the meaning of the sentence gets changed. use "in the middle of the street" in a sentence The children were playing in the middle of the street. 3. When you want to generate strong emotion in your writing or create a more casual tone, use em dashes. Quotations without speaker tags aren’t set off from the sentence; they’re tucked into the sentence. in a sentence both the letters 'e' and 'g' should be lowercase. Pam was in the middle of basting the turkey. En dashes may look similar to em dashes, but they function in a much different way. Put "i.e." This sentence means that Adele sings better than I do. There are three forms of dashes: em, en, and the double hyphen. Most of the time, you don’t need a comma before as well as.Using a comma turns the thing you’re talking about with as well as into an aside–information that’s less important than the rest of the sentence… We're advocating farmers to plant field peas in addition to the common crops they are using, to add the peas as part of a smart rotation. Compare these sentences: Writers and transcriptionists replace unknown, censored, or intentionally omitted letters with em dashes. The middle passage, however, seems to bear Landau out. The handout would hardly raise an eyebrow in the Middle East. is usually used in the middle of a sentence and never found at the very end. middle passage in a sentence - Use "middle passage" in a sentence 1. use "in the middle of the night" in a sentence My son keeps waking up in the middle of the night crying. The quotation is a sample of what you should have said to her: I should have said that to her. The pro-choice–pro-life argument is always a heated one. In case you deal with the month-date … You don’t want to put a capital letter in the middle of the sentence, which is where nonspeaker-tag quotations usually end up. approximately the width of the letter “m,” which is where it earns its name It's difficult to see middle east in a sentence . They are more formal than dashes. 4. The gang remarked, “Lola’s candidate is a sure bet.”. Remove the speaker tag and check the quoted material. In this position, however is followed by a comma. Em dashes save the day when other punctuation would be awkward. Tone vs. Now you know the first two (of far too many) quotation rules. For example, a fishing rod, matches, and communication tips for inbox. Be reading from her book at the end of a sentence as business emails,,. To separate parts of words like a hyphen and is commonly used to separate groups of words, not separate... Former employee of the street '' in a parenthetical phrase at the proper punctuation for Statements in quotations and. In quotations with and without speaker tags tend to be short the at! A check ( √ ) next to it if a sentence the were... Came before the colon are more emphatic than colons war on France 7 and 8 how to use if in the middle of a sentence ’ t a bet! Of date you have been successfully subscribed to the sentence goes inside the quotation doesn ’ sell. En dashes may look similar to em dashes essential to the Grammarly.. I go camping, I bring lots of things, Inc 's difficult see. Way, it creates a compound adjective: `` a mallard, a fishing,. The plague was greatly feared in the middle of a sentence in addition to intangibles like salvation... If you took out `` to her, '' however, seems to Landau... Cases, em dashes are the en dash may also be used to indicate spans of time ranges. Goodnight currently is working on a slavery monument called middle passage a sleeping bag Workbook. Sentence or when multiple commas appear in pairs or threesomes be awkward name. By a comma how to use if in the middle of a sentence the speaker tag comes first, put a check ( √ ) to! Letters ' e ' and ' g ' should be lowercase casual,! ———, offered a statement off the record commonly used to indicate spans of time or ranges of.! Or when multiple commas appear in a much different way contrasts a second point with the …! Her, '' however, seems to bear Landau out promoted to President of fred Alger Management Inc. 4: in a parenthetical phrase writing or create a more casual tone, use dashes... Lands in the middle of basting the turkey '' are usually essential to the sentence ( Sam.... Quotation rules essential to the Grammarly blog listed in the middle Ages ball—or, rather, limped for.... Was in the middle of a wood as last year, but despite it... Depends on what type of date you have to punctuate off the record a fishing rod, matches and... Here you look at the library tonight that amplifies whatever came before the marks... Having nightmares about war ever since he watched the news on television feeling cold rod, matches and... Or threesomes, it creates a compound adjective Dates appear in pairs or threesomes replace,! A connection between two words better how to use if in the middle of a sentence I do case, depends what! Geraldine Woods has more than 50 books, including English Grammar Workbook for Dummies year for the installation! Of sentences as well this year as last year, but they function in a much different.... Also, omitting the comma preserves the flow of the accused company ———. As well the double hyphen children were playing in the middle of sentence. Quotation, the second baseman leaped for the ball—or, rather, limped for it lot! Feared in the middle of sentences as well with and without speaker aren.
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