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discuss the historical background of geography in nigeria

In the south, it has lowlands that climb into hills and plateaus in the central part of the country. (30 June 2010). Lawsuit to Protect Historical Records (December 2020) ... Background Readings; Nigeria: Four Regions at the Time of Independence. Nigeria is in West Africa, along the eastern coast of the Gulf of Guinea, and just north of the equator. endstream endobj startxref 'Geography' derives from the Greek γεωγραφία – geographia, literally "Earth-writing", that is, description or writing about the Earth. The Present. %PDF-1.6 %���� 1960. But in 1872, they started to intervene in the education system by giving donations to the missionary societies to support education.. Umaru Yar'Adua then became the president of Nigeria and he vowed to reform the country's elections, fight its crime problems and continue working on economic growth. Nasarawa State is a state in central Nigeria.Its capital is Lafia. History of Nigeria’s economy dated back to before independence on October 1960. In the southeast, it also shares a border with the breakaway state of Ambazonia. 393 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<6312FDACFCE9699E4879E3054368E536>]/Index[385 38]/Info 384 0 R/Length 65/Prev 108020/Root 386 0 R/Size 423/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Lagos, which was designated the capital shortly after the British established the unified colony of Nigeria in 1900, was situated in the southwestern corner of the nation in a region heavily dominated by Yoruba Christians. Approximately in the centre of the country, it is geographically unique in Nigeria due to its boundaries of elevated hills surrounding the Jos Plateau its capital, and the entire plateau itself. Nigeria, one-third larger than Texas and the most populous country in Africa, is situated on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. In more recent developments, geography has become a distinct academic discipline. Noted geographical features in Nigeria include the Adamawa highlands, Let us take a look at the history of cultism in Nigeria and how it all began. Nigeria: History, Geography, Government, and Culture- Infoplease.com. Truth is colonialism plays a big role in the history of Nigeria’s economy. Nigeria is often called the "Giant of Africa." Finally, in 1995, Nigeria began to transition into a civilian rule. It also shares a border with the self-declared, but internationally unrecognized state of Ambazonia in the southeast. The lower course of the Niger River flows south through the western part of the country into the Gulf of Guinea. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. 1861 | Britain establishes the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria. by David Graddol, Dick Leith, and Joan Swann. The capital was moved from Lagos to Abuja due to political divisions, geographical constraints, and ethnic tensions. Location and Geography. Abuja, city, capital of Nigeria. endstream endobj 386 0 obj <>/Metadata 53 0 R/Outlines 405 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/PageMode/UseOutlines/Pages 380 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/StructTreeRoot 66 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 387 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 2/Type/Page>> endobj 388 0 obj <>stream In the south the Yoruba kingdom of the Oyo developed around 1400. Around this same time, Europeans began establishing ports for the trade of enslaved people to the Americas. Special education in Nigeria has a fairly short history, only becoming a public concern in 1975. Shell is a massive TNC that operates in many countries around the world. Events occurring before the invention of writing systems are considered prehistory. Its coast lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the south and it borders Lake Chad to the northeast. In ancient and pre-colonial times, the area of present-day Nigeria was occupied by a great diversity of ethnic groups with very different languages and traditions. Throughout the mid-1900s and especially after World War II, the people of Nigeria began pushing for independence. Throughout the 1960s, Nigeria's government was unstable as it underwent several governmental overthrows; its prime minister was assassinated and was engaged in a civil war. Hundreds of languages are spoken in the country, including Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo, Ibibio, Tiv, and English. BRIEF HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT PLANNING IN NIGERIA. It is bordered on the west by Benin, on the north by Niger and Chad, and on the east by Cameroon. The history of Boko Haram cannot be disentangled from the immense political change Nigeria underwent during the 1999 transition to democracy. Nigeria is a West African country occupying an area of 923,769 sq. BACKGROUND 1.1 Geography and History of Nigeria The Federal Republic of Nigeria is located on the coast of West Africa. Cultism is defined as the activities or practices of a group of people with one common spiritual, religious or philosophical belief. Early History: All evidence suggests the early settlement of Nigeria millennia before the spread of agriculture 3,000 years ago. This is entirely within the tropical zone. Shell in Nigeria. (n.d.). However, oil alone provides 95% of its foreign exchange earnings. The earliest cities in Nigeria were the northern cities of Kano and Katsina that started around 1000 C.E. It is the most populous country in Africa and its economy is considered one of the fastest growing in the world. Most such usages cut across all first-language backgrounds. 1. I became a Professor of Transportation Geography in 2000 (about 15 years ago), although it was announced in 2004. This name comes from the vastness of its land, the diversity of its peoples and languages, its huge population (the largest in … Nigeria finally became an independent nation on October 1 st, 1960. Identify the problems (if any) militating against the realization of the intent of the educational planners over the years and what could possibly be done to solve these problems. Brief History of Education in Nigeria Long before the Europeans arrived, education had been part of Nigerians. In the 19th century, this changed to the trading of goods like palm oil and timber. CIA - The World Factbook - Nigeria. Although Nigeria has long had problems of political corruption and a lack of infrastructure it is rich in natural resources like oil and recently its economy has begun to grow into one of the fastest in the world. as shown in archaeological records. Geography Nigeria, one-third larger than Texas and the most populous country in Africa, is situated on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. During the 1980s the new capital city was built and developed on the grass-covered Chukuku Hills. Over history several kingdoms and societies have developed in the land of Nigeria. Below is a list of the 20 biggest companies in Nigeria, it shows the impact of foreign TNCs but also that Nigeria has its own home grown massive businesses. Nigeria's main ethnic groups are Hausa, Igbo, and Yoruba. History of Healthcare in Nigeria. FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA: Nigeria has an area of 923,768.00 sq kilometres and lies between latitude 40 and 140 North of the equator and longitudes 30 and 140 East of the greenwich meridian. There were very promising signs about Nigeria’s economy after the country gained independence from Britain. Western or formal education was started in Nigeria in 1842 — only at the primary level — by the Christian missionaries who managed the educational system according to their respective philosophies. British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa's most populous country grew through the 19th century. The name Nigeria was suggested by British journalist Flora Shaw in the 1890s. It is about twice the size of the U.S. state of California and is located between Benin and Cameroon. Nigeria has a long history that dates back as far as 9000 B.C.E. I am currently the first and only female Professor of Transportation Geography in Nigeria. In 1963 however, Nigeria proclaimed itself a federal republic and drafted a new constitution. The Sokoto Plains and the Borno Plains are located in the northwestern and … Understanding geomorphology is therefore essential to understanding one of the most popular divisions of geography. She was represented by Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, the Nigerian Governor-General, while Tafawa Balewa became the Prime Minister. However, Nigeria’s most diverse feature is its people. English: History, Diversity, and Change, ed. Discuss fully, the process of norms and skills acquisition in the Nigeria societies and examine the impact of the system among the present day Nigeria. Central Intelligence Agency. The group of individuals involved in these practices is known as a cult. Its land borders are with Benin to the west, Cameroon, and Chad to the east and Niger to the north. Year | Type of event. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Several dominant themes in Nigerian history are essential for understanding contemporary Nigerian politics and society. Governor Bernard Bourdillion (1935 – 1943) recommended the replacement of the provinces by regions which Arthur Richard’s Constitution later implemented in … Within the last five decades, GIS has evolved from a concept to a science. Retrieved from: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2836.htmWikipedia.com. Olusegun Obasanjo was the first president during this time and he worked to improve Nigeria's infrastructure, the government's relationship with its people and its economy. University education in Nigeria from the beginning seemed to be a mirage for Nigerians, with lack of interest demonstrated by the Christian Missionaries who first started giving education and subsequent involvement of the colonial government who Resource extraction is the most important sector of the economy. The city is approximately 300 miles (480 km) northeast of Lagos, the former capital (until 1991). Geography and Climate of Nigeria Nigeria is a large country that has a varied topography. Education in Nigeria is overseen by the Federal Ministry of Education.The local authorities take responsibility for implementing state-controlled policy regarding public education and state schools. Nigeria is known for being the regional center of West Africa. History of Technology in Nigeria Agricultural Sector This is a vast area due to the numerous branches of agriculture practiced in Nigeria with the various technologies employed to drive them. On May 5, 2010, Yar'Adua died and Goodluck Jonathan became the president of Nigeria on May 6. First discuss the historical, ethnic, linguistic, and religious background of Yugoslavia, and then examine the conflicts of the 1990s, including the reasons for their occurrence and what has been done to … Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. Long after the desert pushed those populations south, Niger became a fixture on the trans-Saharan trade route. '"(Ayo Bamgbose, "Identifying Nigerian Uses in Nigerian English." Nigeria's government is considered a federal republic and it has a legal system based on English common law, Islamic law (in its northern states) and traditional laws. Discuss the background to the development of educational policies in Nigeria; 2. They bring European medicine, first to satisfy their own need. The farther back we go into history, the more important geography was to the outcome of a conflict. After decades of vacillating between periods of military rule and democracy, punctuated by coups, the Nigerian Fourth Republic began as General Abdusalami Abubakar peacefully handed over power to Olusegun Obasanjo after democratic elections. Geography . Independent Nigeria Faces Ethnic Conflicts . The history of Nigeria’s police abuses helps us see the continuities in the misuse of state power against citizens. The central region has hills and plateaus. A History of Nigeria is an impressive book, the more so because its ambitions initially appear straightforward. National Development Planning in Nigeria can be divided into three different phases according to the time in which they took place and the manner of development planning involved in each phase. History Before the Sahara started swallowing Niger around 2500 BC, it supported verdant grasslands, abundant wildlife and populations thriving on hunting and herding. As at then, Nigeria had 25% of all the population of Africa. (12 May 2010). Definition of cultism. H. C. Darby, Domesday England (Cambridge, 1977). By the 1970s, Lagos, with well over four million … Today, Nigeria can be described as a nation with educated individuals and it is estimated that over 78 percent of the male population are educated while that of the women stands at 64 percent. But as a science, geography is relatively young and many of its fundamentals appear during the nineteenth century. In October 1960, it came when it was established as a federation of three regions with a parliamentary government. To the north were the Hausa kingdoms and the Bornu Empire. Nigeria's climate also varies but the center and the south are tropical due to their locations near the equator, while the north is arid. hެ�mO�0���?‡֎;��"���I�PӍiU?�Դ�ҤJ��~wNܵ�h ˽���. Nigeria is divided into 36 states and one territory for local administration. 422 0 obj <>stream Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. The earliest cities in Nigeria were the northern cities of Kano and Katsina that started around 1000 C.E. Assess the impacts of these philosophies on the overall educational progress of our nation; ... from British and America schools with little attempt to use local materials in the teaching of the subjects like history and geography. Numerous ancient African civilizations settled in the region that is known today as Nigeria, such as the Kingdom of Nri, the Benin Empire, and the Oyo Empire. Organized as a loose federation of self-governing states, the independent nation faced the overwhelming task of unifying a country with 250 ethnic and linguistic groups. Nigeria's executive branch is made up of a chief of state and a head of government- both of which are filled by the president. Infoplease is the world's largest free reference site. Toyin Falola and Matthew Heaton describe their project as ‘a general background survey of the broad themes of Nigeria’s history from the beginnings … The earliest culture in Nigeria is identifiable by the distinctive artifacts of the Nok people. The History of Nigeria can be traced to settlers trading across the middle East and Africa as early as 1100 BC. Nigeria. In more recent developments, geography has become a distinct academic discipline. In the south, it has lowlands that climb into hills and plateaus in the central part of the country. Nigeria is attractive to many TNCs because of the large market on offer and lower labour costs. Brief History of Education in Nigeria. as shown in archaeological records. Assess the impacts of these philosophies on the overall educational progress of our nation; 3. h�bbd``b`z"L��&�`�)f``$�`�F�6|��� �E 5 Nigeria, country located on the western coast of Africa. In 1900, the area became controlled by the British government and in 1914 it became the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria. Around 1400, the Yoruba kingdom of Oyo was founded in the southwest and reach its height from the 17th to the 19th century. In what way do you think the traditional system of education is relevant to the poverty It is about twice the size of the U.S. state of California and is located between Benin and Cameroon. Nigeria has no shortage of arable land overall, but there is an extreme shortage of farmland in the most densely settled areas of the southeastern states and around Kano, Katsina, and Sokoto. Nasarawa was created on 1 October 1996 from the (today neighboring) Plateau State. It lies in the central part of Nigeria, in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT; created 1976). Prompts About the History of Nigeria: Definitions Prompt: Provide the definitions of the terms that are in bold from the lesson (Atlantic slave trade, indirect rule, Boko Haram). Would you like to get the full Thesis from Shodh ganga along with citation details? Retrieved from: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107847.htmlUnited States Department of State. As at then, Nigeria had 25% of all the population of Africa. The Hausa-Fulani were dominant in the north, the Yoruba in the west and the Igbo in the east. Nigeria shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. %%EOF History of GIS. The Central Bank has branches in all the state capitals and provides guidelines to all commercial and merchant banks in the country. Truth is colonialism plays a big role in the history of Nigeria’s economy. H. C. Darby, The Relations of History and Geography: Studies in England, France and the United States (Exeter, 2002). Nigeria has a long history that dates back as far as 9000 B.C.E. Geography. km. The country's landscape features plains in the north and south. It has a land area of 923,766 square kilometres. Its neighbors are Benin, Niger, Cameroon, and Chad. Background & History of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) By Amy Carmosino Last updated: 4 Apr 2020 ~ 3 min read. 2. The history of Nigeria can be traced back to as early as 11,000 BC when a number of ancient African communities inhabited the area that now makes Nigeria. 1880 | The first healthcare facility in Nigeria is a dispensary opened by the Church Missionary Society. First, the spread of Islam, predominantly in the north but later in southwestern Nigeria as well, began a millennium ago. She referred to the area as Nigeria, after the Niger River, which dominates much of the country's landscape. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Several dominant themes in Nigerian history are essential for understanding contemporary Nigerian politics and society. As we know,agriculture is majorly divided into crop farming and animal rearing.The focus here is mainly on technology involving crop farming. Within this given geographic, economic and cultural context the development of literacy, the culture of reading and the basic development of technology in Nigeria will be briefly examined before moving on to the main focus, the development and implementation of ICTs in Nigeria’s libraries during the past two decades. Nigeria is a country located in West Africa along the Atlantic Ocean's Gulf of Guinea. The greatest and the well-known empire that ruled the region before the British arrived was the Benin Empire whose ruler was known as Oba of Benin. Facts on world and country flags, maps, geography, history, statistics, disasters current events, and international relations. Geography affects culture through topographical features such as mountains or deserts as well as climate, which can dictate options for clothing, shelter and food. As Nigeria preparded for independence, the British worked out an arrangement which divided Nigeria into four regions. 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