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local predisposing factors of periodontal disease

periodontal disease. ANUG is an opportunistic infection that occurs on a background of impaired local or systemic host defenses. NO, they do not initiate periodontal disease. Orthodontic appliances. Fraenal attachments. Many modifiable risk factors, such as smoking, contribute to increases in systemic markers of inflammation, which can further modify gene regulation through a variety of biologic mechanisms. localized periodontal disease [2,3]. In the case of plaque-associated peri-implantitis, local contributors, including surgical and prosthetic factors, as well as soft and hard tissue characteristics, may be predisposing factors to biofilm adherence around dental implants, thus leading to inflammation. 3- Malocclusion. Zones of infection have been described. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. (c) Following removal of the denture, the gingivae can be seen to be reddened and inlamed. LOCAL FACTORS THAT INCREASE PLAQUE BIOFILM PATHOGENICITY LOCAL FACTORS THAT CAUSE DIRECT DAMAGE OSTEOPOROSIS OBJECTIVES PATHOGENICITY: The ability of a disease … Anatomical features. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Billy M. Pennel. Periodontal disease is the most common chronic inflammatory disease, and severe periodontitis a ects approximately 10% of the global population, with variations by country and world region [1]. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Site-specific diseases are often attributable to local predisposing factors. Figure 14.10 Orthodontic appliance acting as a plaque retention factor. Predisposing Factors in the Etiology of Chronic Inflammatory Periodontal Disease. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Local trauma. Figure 14.9 Minimising the periodontal consequences of providing a partial denture. Predisposing factors are local factors found in the mouth. Figure 14.1 shows an extract from the 1999 International Workshop Classification o/>, Local risk factors for periodontal diseases, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Google+ (Opens in new window), on 14: Local Risk Factors for Periodontal Diseases, 18: Role of Radiographs in Periodontal Diagnosis, 23: Role of Antimicrobial Therapy in Periodontal Diseases, 4: Role of Plaque in the Aetiology of Periodontal Diseases, 40: Periodontal Diseases in Children and Adolescents, 28: Dental Implants and Peri-Implantology. Local risk factors could influence directly the periodontium, the most often involved local risk factors being dental calculus, malocclusions, improper or aged and degraded dental or prosthetic treatments, orthodontic appliances, affecting also the masticatory, esthetical and phonetical function consequently decreasing the quality of life. Other factors increasing the risk of developing periodontal disease: Bridges that no longer fit properly trap food debris and allow dental plaque to accumulate and grow between the crown and gums Malocclusion - Crooked teeth make difficult the removal of dental plaque Local Risk Factors for Periodontal Diseases. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Sources. The host response varies from individual to individual depending on many factors including the type of the bacterial insult, the duration of the insult, the local and environmental contributing factors, immunological and inflammatory responses, predisposing genetic factors, and association with systemic diseases. multiple local and systemic conditions as predisposing risk factors for periodontal disease evolution and decreased quality of life June 15, 2020 June 15, 2020 admin admin 0 Comments Petra Surlin, Dorin-Nicolae Gheorghe, Dora Popescu, Luminita Lazar, Ionut Luchian, Maria-Alexandra Martu The role of dental calculus and other local predisposing factors 8. of periodontal health and disease as controllable and uncon-trollable predisposing and modifying factors cannot be under-estimated, and their assessment for each patient is crucial to attaining and maintaining clinical periodontal health. The predisposing factors for ANUG are smoking, psychological stress, malnutrition, and immunosuppression. periodontal disease that allows an individual to function normally and avoid consequences (mental or physical) due to current or past disease. Mouth breathing and lack of lip seal. Calculus. In this context, predisposing factors … Local risk factors can increase the risk of development and progression of periodontal disease by acting as plaque retention factors. • Systemic risk factors include smoking, diabetes mellitus, race, genetic factors, male gender, polymorphonuclear (PMN) functional abnormalities, low economic status, low educational level, acquired systemic infections such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and severe malnutrition … As periodontal disease is multifactorial, effective disease management requires a clear understanding of all the associated risk factors. Local predisposing factor of periodontal disease. They contribute to a process that is already occurring and may increase the … Local predisposing risk factor may be associated in bacterial retention increasing its quality and quantity and/or in the promotion of a mechanical vulnerability in the periodontal tissues favoring the action of bacteria, the predisposing risk factor may statistically intensify the incidence of a disease, but it does not promote the disease. Iatrogenic factors in periodontal disease, Ch10 The Role Of Dental Calculus And Other Predisposing Factors. Recommended articles cannot be displayed at this time. Discover the world's research 19+ million members James G. Keagle. (b) Partial denture in situ; interproximal plaque is visible. Local factors should be identified when carrying out a thorough dental examination of the patient and their removal or modification where possible should be included in the patient’s management. Mohammad Mamdouh Fixed Prosthodontics Department, Faculty Of Dentistry, Minia University. Figure 14.11 Supragingival calculus acting as a local plaque retention factor. It has a hard, porous, and irregular surface where plaque can accumulate easily. Figure 14.8 Partial denture with extensive gingival coverage. Dental plaque Local Systemic •Local predisposing factors: 1- Dental calculus. Data. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The etiologic factors that lead the individual to develop an open bite malocclusion relationship are an interplay of various different etiologic factors, which are hereditary and environmental in nature [ 2 - 7 ]. Department of Periodontics, Medical College of Georgia, School of Dentistry, Augusta, Ga. Search for more papers by this author. Local contributing factors & Systemic factors associated with periodontal diseases CASE 1 2. Local risk factors can increase the risk of development and progression of periodontal disease by acting as plaque retention factors. The local factors include pre-existing disease as evidenced by deep probing depths and plaque retention areas associated with defective restorations. The Relationship between Periodontal Disease and Predisposing Factors Haider Hasan Jasim. Molecular biology of the host-microbe interactions in periodontal diseases … Calcular deposits are the most common predisposing factor. Necrotizing periodontal diseases are non-contagious infections but may occasionally occur in epidemic-like patterns due to shared risk factors. Department of Periodontics, Medical College of Georgia, School of Dentistry, Augusta, Ga. Search for more papers by this author. Introduction The assessment of the periodontal status of a patient should consist of a thorough history and examination. Malocclusion or crowding/imbrication. Oral conditions that increase an individual's susceptibility to periodontal infection in a specific site. , No public clipboards found for this slide to personalize ads and to provide with! 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