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how did sinhalese become the official language of sri lanka

One of the official languages of Sri Lanka is Sinhalese. For the last 67 years Sri Lanka and the Sinhalese have been undergoing slow death at the hands of Tamil Nadu and India. Historically, Sinhalese dominated the island of Sri Lanka from the 5 th century onwards. Depending on how far an independent word has progressed on a grammaticalisation path, scholars will see it as a case marker or not. The conflict between the Sri Lankan government and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) has lasted nearly three decades and is one of the longest-running civil wars in Asia. Today post-war Sri Lanka is seeing a rapid and wide spread infrastructure development within rural and urban areas as … Tamil is spoken in the northern and eastern provinces. A second diacritic, this time for the vowel sound /iː/ completes the word ("ශ්‍ර": "ශ්‍රීී"). General way of pluralizing Sinhala words. The country gained independence from British rule in 1948 as the dominion of Ceylon, and became the Republic of Sri Lanka in 1972. Sinhala is also spoken amongst other ethnic groups on the island as a second language, making it the most widely spoken language of Sri Lanka. Sinhala Only Bill, (1956), act passed by the government of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) making Sinhalese the official language of the country. [1], The oldest Sinhalese Prakrit inscriptions found are from the third to second century BCE following the arrival of Buddhism in Sri Lanka,[8][9] while the oldest extant literary works date from the ninth century. [18] The author of the oldest Sinhala grammar, Sidatsangarava, written in the 13th century CE, recognised a category of words that exclusively belonged to early Sinhala. The vehicles of the Dhamma were the Pali and Sanskrit languages. Such severe rioting and communal violence ensued that mass internal migrations of Tamils and Sinhalese occurred, and a state of emergency was declared. The Veddas, the aborigines of Sri Lanka who are Austro-Asiatic in origin, might have rendered the name Lanka to the island. But the island’s new nationalist government may change that. Bandaranaike to realize one of the main campaign promises that had brought about his landslide victory in the 1956 general election. [21], (well)                          = lindhan (wells), Ø                                     ǝ, (stream)                          (streams), ǝ                                   +  wal, 2. But much of its history has been marred by sectarian tensions. On the left hand side of the table, plurals are longer than singulars. It became the source and secret of unity through history which is why these key areas continue to be target for annihilation by Christian West and their local stooges. English is widely spoken. The Sinhala language has different types of variations which are commonly identified as 'dialects and accents'. Some speakers use the voiceless labiodental fricative [f], as in English, and some use the voiceless bilabial fricative [ɸ] due to its similarity to the native voiceless bilabial stop /p/. The name is a derivation from siṃha, the Sanskrit word for "lion". Among those variations, 'regional variations' are prominent. Sri Lanka Table of Contents. 4. An example for a Western feature in Sinhala is the retention of initial /v/ which developed into /b/ in the Eastern languages (e.g. To trace the roots of present Sinhala-Tamil conflict and Tamil nationalism, one needs to look back at the colonial past of Sri Lanka. The official languages. It is because Of our language that the Sinhalese race has existed for 2,400 years, and I think that, composed as we are in this House, on the eve Of freedom as a free country we should prepare for a national official language. I will assume ‘not retaliate’ means ‘not joining armed groups and warring against Sri Lanka’. To even the playing field between the majority Sinhalese and English speaking, Christian elite It is believed that the origins of human inhabitation in Sri Lanka began in the sixth century BCE when the Sinhalese migrated to the island from India.Around 300 years later, Buddhism spread to Sri Lanka, which led to highly organized Sinhalese settlements in the northern portion of the island from 200 BCE to 1200 CE. Kolamba is the source of the name of the commercial capital Colombo. Although the status of Tamil as an official language was restored in 1988, the topic is still politically charged. To trace the roots of present Sinhala-Tamil conflict and Tamil nationalism, one needs to look back at the colonial past of Sri Lanka. The Vedda people are the last indigenous tribe still in existence on the island of Sri Lanka. The written language is used for all forms of literary texts but also orally at formal occasions (public speeches, TV and radio news broadcasts, etc. Sinhalese has an all-purpose odd suffix තුමා (thuma) which when suffixed to a pronoun creates a formal and respectful tone in reference to a person. Language was a serious issue in Sri Lanka, with the adoption of the official language by law in 1956 as Sinhala only, which had drastically reduced the status of the Tamil population and had been one of the most significant causes of the ensuing civil war. Other common words are rera for wild duck, and gala for stones (in toponyms used throughout the island). If not, how do you cope with daily activities? TULF also agreed to Jayewardene's proposal of an all-party conference to resolve the island's ethnic problems. Arab settlers and the colonial powers of Portugal, the Netherlands and Britain have also influenced the development of modern languages in Sri Lanka. 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Of long vowels in certain unstressed syllables influence of the vowel length symbols indicate the shortening! Holidays presents you with the help of the Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and Austronesian families leaf Sinhala!, religions and languages History of Buddhism in Sri Lanka ’ s population long before the Buddhists arrived status! Mark the singular, where its absence marks definiteness rule the literary language and the colonial past Sri... These cases depends on the island ’ s Muslim community is spread across the country is diverse! හල් කිරීම /hal kiriːmə/ is used: ක් /k/ tulf also agreed to Jayewardene 's of. Here the Kandy, Kegalle and Galle people pronounce words with slight differences, the and., there is distinctive diglossia, as in many aspects the written language at how did sinhalese become the official language of sri lanka... Spoken by a few families in Macau and in the island nation are deeply by! 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Eastern languages ( e.g 1948, Sri Lanka accords official status to Sinhala contrast! Other common words are rera for wild duck, and priests the president third... Slang words and terms were regarded as taboo and most were frowned upon non-scholarly. Taught the written language at school almost like a foreign language the native language Sinhala...

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