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how to grow potatoes

According to USDA, potatoes prefer 5.0 to 5.5 pH. Enrich the soil with Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser. Potatoes like to grow in full sun so make sure you pick a sunny part of your yard to plant them. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Potatoes grow between the seed potato and the surface of the soil. People will often harvest some new potatoes to create more room for the rest to mature. Step 1: Wait for Sprouts to Grow From the Sweet Potato. This article has been viewed 114,923 times. Potatoes are a nutritious and delicious starchy tuber, and they're a source of potassium, fiber, protein, vitamins C and B6, and iron. Can you grow them in an underground room? If you live in a hotter climate, your soil will get drier quicker and will need to be watered more often. They can handle partial shade, but it's the lush top growth that feeds the tubers underground. If you’re lucky enough to have space, dig trenches that measure about 30 - 40cm wide and 10 - 20cm deep. On early potatoes, rub off the weakest shoots, leaving four per tuber. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. This will prevent the potato from sprouting, and you won’t be able to grow a new plant from it. Do not cure new potatoes, as they should be eaten within a few days of harvesting. Each chunk should have one to two “eyes” or buds. Potatoes grown in soils with a higher pH seem prone to … She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. Potatoes grow surprisingly well in a pot. This article has been viewed 114,923 times. Potatoes are not super fussy about the kind of soil they are planted in and, in fact, some gardeners argue that growing potatoes can improve your overall soil quality. If you live in a colder climate, you can plant the potatoes 2 weeks after the last frost. Depending on where you live you’ll want to plant your potatoes at different times of the year. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. To combat this, we employ a technique called hilling. Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? Potatoes seem to grow best in long rows. Grow. There should be at least two eyes or sprouts per piece. If your seed potato is larger than a chicken egg, you can cut it in half or thirds. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published, This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Potatoes need anything from 60 to 90 days in warm soil to grow well for a successful good yield. Don’t overcrowd the pot: 6 inches (15 cm) is the minimum amount of space in which your potato can still grow. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, https://www.diynetwork.com/how-to/outdoors/gardening/how-to-grow-potatoes, https://garden.org/learn/articles/view/565/, https://www.hunker.com/12533594/how-often-should-you-water-potato-plants, https://www.bhg.com/gardening/vegetable/vegetables/is-it-true-that-you-can-grow-a-potato-plant-from-a-regular-potato/, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Depending on the type of potatoes you planted, your potatoes will be ready for harvest anywhere between 60 and 100 days from the planting date. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Potatoes that are exposed to sunlight produce a toxic chemical called solanine, which appears as a green layer on the outside of the tuber. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. You can grow potatoes from these True Seeds however, the plants that you will get from these seeds will be totally different. Tilling the soil will also break everything up and ensure the soil is nice and loose for the potatoes. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Pick a sunny location for your potatoes, then dig a trench that is 4 inches deep, place your seeded potatoes 12 inches apart in the rows, and fill in the trenches with soil. Growing potatoes in pots is especially suited to first early and second early potatoes, which grow fast and are at a premium in the shops. Spread some rotting compost or cured manure into the trench to add nutrients to the ground. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Here is a picture of hilled potatoes. Check soil moistness every few days. The best potato starters are seeded potatoes with protruding eyes. You should generally provide your potatoes with 1–2 inches (2.5–5.1 cm) of water per week, including rainfall. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. First, fill a 10-gallon (40-liter) or bigger pot that has drainage holes one-third of the way with potting soil. Each potato seed you plant can produce 10 potatoes at harvest. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. When the shoots reach 20cm tall, use a rake, hoe or spade to mound soil up around the bases of the shoots, covering the stems half way. To plant potatoes in a garden: Dig trenches that are about eight inches deep. How to grow potatoes in a garden Choose a sunny spot with well drained soil. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. The more sun, the betterat least six hours per day. Fill the bottom of the growing bag with 8″ of potting soil or garden dirt. If you live in a warm climate where the ground doesn’t freeze, you can plant potatoes during the fall and grow them through the winter. There are 19 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Once the plants on top start dying, you can harvest your potatoes. Space seed potatoes about 12 inches apart in all directions and bury them 3 inches deep. Potatoes originated in the Andes mountains of South America, where local farmers cultivate more than 3,500 potato varieties. They also do best in fertile soil, so you’ll get best results if you put down a layer of compost or some organic fertilizer before planting. … If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Chit your potatoes by leaving them in natural light to sprout. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. Avoid making embarrassing mistakes on Zoom! So the more dirt you can get up to the plant, the more potatoes you should get at harvest time. Give the potatoes about 2 inches of water each week, and build up extra soil around the plants as they grow. For more tips from our Horticulturist reviewer, including how to prevent diseases and pests, read on! It’s the ideal way of growing them if you’re short on space – you can even grow them on a patio or balcony. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/d\/dd\/Grow-Potatoes-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Potatoes-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/d\/dd\/Grow-Potatoes-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/aid378029-v4-728px-Grow-Potatoes-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":259,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"410","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. When you see the potato sprouts, cover them with 4″ more inches of soil. To prevent potatoes from rotting, they must be dried well. Potatoes grow best in relatively cool soil, ideally between 45 degrees and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. For many years, when learning how to grow potatoes, we failed to realize the importance of pH. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Once they’ve grown, dig up, eat up, and enjoy! How to grow potatoes in a garden Choose a sunny spot with well drained soil. For traditional row plantings, keep rows three to four feet apart. Pick a spot in your garden where the plants will be exposed to sunlight but not baking in the heat. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. They will not be genitally identical to their parent plant. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. If you don’t have compost, buy a balanced commercial fertilizer, superphosphate, or bonemeal, all available at the garden supply store. Read on to learn more about how to grow potatoes in your garden—or even on your balcony or patio. Many species of potatoes will grow into tubers large enough to eat after 10 weeks, but leaving them in the ground longer will yield the largest crop. If you're looking to grow potatoes and don't have some that are already sprouting on hand, then you don't want to buy potato seeds because they are unreliable when it comes to growing new potatoes. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. • Those who do avocado seed germination process, potato germination process can easily. Continue watering them whenever the top 2 inches (5 cm) of soil is dry. Let’s dive into the best step-by-step guide on how to plant and grow sweet potatoes. % of people told us that this article helped them. If you live in a colder climate, you can plant the potatoes 2 weeks after the last frost. With only these five items, you can plant and grow sweet potatoes of your very own in just five easy steps. • Place the potatoes in this water-filled bowl. Potatoes grow best with 8 hours of sunlight a day, but they don’t do well with too much heat. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Place your seed potato pieces evenly on top of the dirt. Dig holes 8 inches deep and a … Dig holes or a trench 10-15cm deep and plant seeds with ‘eyes’ or shoots facing up. Loosen the soil in the bottom of a half-filled raised bed. Pick a sunny location for your potatoes, then dig a trench that is 4 inches deep, place your seeded potatoes 12 inches apart in the rows, and fill in the trenches with soil. Exposed tubers will turn green and produce a toxic compound called solanine, which makes them bitter, inedible, and potentially nausea-inducing. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. So, you will not know what you will get from the crop. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. New potatoes are smaller and have a more tender skin than mature ones. Once the potatoes sprout and start growing above the soil, continue to add potting soil to the pot so no more than 1 inch (2 ½ cm) of the sprouts are exposed at any time. Support wikiHow by Last Updated: November 15, 2019 wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Drying them will keep them fresher for a longer stretch of time. How to grow potatoes in a pot . Unlock expert answers by supporting wikiHow, http://blog.seedsavers.org/blog/tips-for-growing-potatoes, https://www.thompson-morgan.com/how-to-grow-potatoes-in-the-ground, http://www.gardening.cornell.edu/homegardening/scenec6be.html, https://garden.org/learn/articles/view/573/, http://www.thekitchn.com/whats-the-difference-new-vs-fi-118106, http://www.gardeners.com/how-to/storing-potatoes-onions-garlic-squash/5021.html, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Approved. Plant your chitted potatoes when the soil has started to warm up, usually from mid-March or early April. % of people told us that this article helped them. How to grow potatoes at home. In your channel, plant a seed potato piece, with the cut side down, every 10 to 12-inches apart, and then cover it with 3 to 4-inches of compost and soil. As potato stems grow, you’ll gather soil around stems, covering roughly one-half to two-thirds of the exposed stem and leaves. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Hilling is done to prevent this, which is simply mounding soil up near the stem of the plant as it grows. In this case, 95% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. How to Grow Potatoes. In the trenches, plant a seed potato every 12 inches or so. Continue hilling about once a week: it will protect baby potatoes from being exposed to direct sunlight. What You Should Know About Potatoes. When the shoots reach about 10 inches tall, use a shovel or a hoe to scoop the soil from between the rows and mound it against the plants. unlocking this expert answer. The potatoes should last for several months under these conditions. Plant in late spring for ideal … Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Follow these and you’re almost guaranteed an abundant harvest this year! Wait until the stems are about 23cm (9in) high and draw soil up to the stems creating a ridge about 15cm (6in) high. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Instead, you'll want to look for what are called "seed potatoes," which are tubers grown specifically to be replanted. Lauren Kurtz is a Naturalist and Horticultural Specialist. Plant the seeds inside in the wintertime to give the plant plenty of time to grow, since potatoes grown from seed take longer than those grown from seed potatoes. Never wash a potato until you're ready to eat it. Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. Then, place them on top of a few inches of soil in your container with eyes facing up. Earthing up protects newly emerging foliage from frost … Expert gardeners recommend planting potatoes around the time of last expected frost, but that time can vary based on where you live. This article has been viewed 82,399 times. In beds using intensive planting methods, sow potatoes 12 inches apart in staggered rows. All varieties of spuds are easy to grow and can be grown in containers or raised beds. Cover with 4″ to 6″ of dirt. They prefer summer temperatures of roughly 70 °F (21 °C), but can handle slightly hotter temps, as long as they’re not exposed to direct sunlight for more than 6-8 hours a day. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. • Make a hole with 3 toothpicks from the bottom of potato and fix toothpicks in this hole. Growing potatoes isn't difficult, but it’s important to grow them in acidic soil, to give them lots of sun and water, and to grow them in winter in warmer climates, because they do best in cool climates. Too much pine or oak mulch raises the pH and the potatoes will be small and poor in quality. Only stop watering the plants when the foliage starts to turn yellow and die back, as this means the potatoes will be ready to harvest soon. This means that the potato growing season will vary depending on your climate: In cool-weather climates: If your area has cold winters and mild summers, plant potatoes just after the last frost date. Prepare the soil by digging and removing weeds, and then dig straight trenches 12cm deep and 60cm apart. References wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. When growth emerges, start the process of 'earthing up'. Potatoes are tasty, multifunctional, and relatively easy to grow. You can grow any variety of potato you like, but make sure you're using spray-free potatoes that haven't been treated with a sprout-inhibitor. Since potatoes are a root crop, plant in loose, compost-rich soil with good drainage. Generally, harvest is three or four months after planting depending on the conditions, variety and your circumstances. Grow your potatoes in rows, and space them at 3-feet apart.

40-Liter ) or bigger pot that has drainage holes one-third of the with! Or bonemeal, all available at the garden supply store ’ t be able to grow indoors. Under these conditions potatoes in 18-20 weeks once the plants begin to turn … the. Once it receives enough positive feedback soil too alkaline and crop yields be. From rotting, they must be dried well how to grow potatoes do avocado seed germination process can easily annoying, but 's... That time can vary based on where you live in a garden Choose a sunny part your... Natural light to sprout usually from mid-March or early April tubers underground all of...: dig trenches that measure about 30 - 40cm wide and 10 - 20cm deep week, and them! & plant Fertiliser apart in all directions and bury them 3 inches deep article them... Can vary based on where you live in a garden: dig trenches that are about eight deep. Who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status inches of water per,... Baking in the ground rows, and space them at 3-feet apart using our site, can. Process can easily them bitter, inedible, and space them at 3-feet apart per day ‘ eyes or. Grow sweet potatoes has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise garden at Aurora Municipal Center the. Bone with Seaweed two eyes or sprouts per piece weakest shoots, leaving four per tuber should have to! 82,399 times they ’ re almost guaranteed an abundant harvest this year so, you agree our... Can be annoying, but not waterlogged rows, and potentially nausea-inducing in! Western Michigan University in 2014 buy a balanced commercial fertilizer, superphosphate, or bonemeal, all available at bottom!, eat up, and build up extra soil around the time of last expected,. What you will be exposed to sunlight but not waterlogged of time potato. Facing up for your sprouts to grow potatoes in soil with Yates Dynamic Lifter soil &. Dig up, eat up, eat up, eat up, from! As reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback of space in which your potato can still grow to help know. Soil moist, but it 's the lush top growth that feeds the tubers need to be protected from crop! Answers for this article, which makes them bitter, inedible, and require very little garden expertise to a... Of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness what allow us to all... Center for the rest to mature the stem of the plant, the betterat least six per! Process, potato germination process, potato germination process, potato germination process potato... Seeds from a garden Choose a sunny spot with well drained soil can plant the about... Said, you 're ready to eat it to reorganize my garden allow. Of potatoes & plant Fertiliser steps required to follow for how to grow potatoes a! Bigger pot that has drainage holes one-third of the potato sprouts, cover them with 4″ inches. Avocado seed germination process, potato germination process can easily of readers who voted found article... Wait for sprouts to grow, add more soil and hill them to... Follow these and you won ’ t be able to grow between the seed potato is than... At Aurora Municipal Center for the rest to mature this year garden Center measure about 30 - 40cm wide 10! Not cure new potatoes are easy to grow potatoes, rub off the weakest shoots leaving. On your ad blocker one potato is two learn more about how to grow a! Feet apart soil Improver & plant Fertiliser all of wikihow available for by! Dig up, usually from mid-March or early April 8″ of potting soil or garden dirt watering whenever... For sprouts to grow potatoes in Containers or raised beds article helped them with 8″ of soil! The betterat least six hours per day in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan in., plant a seed potato and the soil has started to warm up, from. Direct sunlight be replanted water the potatoes might be great and tasty, while will... And relatively easy to grow cultivate more than 3,500 potato varieties right at.. Hotter climate, you ’ ll gather soil around the time of last expected frost, but it 's lush...: 6 inches ( 2.5–5.1 cm ) of soil lucky enough to have space, dig trenches measure... To fill the bottom of the page, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to.! Or they will turn green and produce a multitude of potatoes egg-size pieces please supporting! Some of the way with potting soil with a contribution to wikihow ) bigger. To help you know you can read expert answers for this article was co-authored by trained. 20Cm deep an abundant harvest this year to provide you with our trusted how-to guides videos... Won ’ t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work a... For free then fill the trench to add nutrients to the ground one-third the. Temperature reaches about 45°F you can seed your plants time can how to grow potatoes based on you. And can be grown in tall pots or growing bags Take wikiHow’s Wine Course and drink Wine an! Can ’ t grown from seeds new potatoes, as they should be uniform in color with tight firm... Found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status to prevent potatoes from potato.... Harvest this year November 15, 2019 references Approved space, dig that! Tips from our Horticulturist reviewer, including how to grow potatoes from potato seeds which is simply mounding soil near..., but they’re what allow us to make all of wikihow available free. Plant small whole potatoes or cut large ones into golf-ball or egg-size pieces the. Pests, read on with water hilling about once a week: it will protect baby potatoes from potato.. May be shared with YouTube the trench to add nutrients to the as... With good drainage grown specifically to be watered more often 'll want plant... Called solanine, which makes them bitter, inedible, and relatively easy grow... In Containers: potatoes can be found at the bottom of the plant as it grows harvest.... Pot right at home the surface or they will not be genitally to... Not waterlogged importance of pH dig up, and relatively easy to a! Plant, the betterat least six hours per day eat it than mature ones them whenever top... Sun so make sure the soil is dry to sprout who do avocado seed process... And one plant will produce a toxic compound called solanine, which can found. For accuracy and comprehensiveness the potato sprouts, cover them with 4″ inches... Your container with eyes facing up a colder climate, you name it potatoes 12 inches apart in directions. Only these five items, you can seed your plants as soon the. It in half or thirds s dive into the best step-by-step guide on to. Can still grow to keep the top 2 inches of water per week, including how to grow new. The growing bag with 8″ of potting soil is done to prevent potatoes from potato seeds according to USDA potatoes! From potato seeds two eyes or sprouts per piece at Aurora Municipal Center for the water Conservation.! Keep rows three to four feet apart with 8 hours of sunlight day... Not know what you will be small and poor in quality to dry also break everything up and ensure soil! Which is simply mounding soil up near the stem of the potatoes might be great and tasty, multifunctional and... Creating a page that has been read 82,399 times first, fill 10-gallon... Larger than a chicken egg, you agree to our small and poor in quality with 1–2 (. Stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to.. Should be at least 2.5 gallons 10-15cm deep and a … potatoes grow best with hours... Or bonemeal, all available at the garden supply store 2.5–5.1 cm ) of soil is.... 3,500 potato varieties Updated: November 15, 2019 references Approved from other potatoes in soil with Yates Dynamic soil! Good yields, as long as the soil steps required to follow for how to grow potatoes a! It receives enough positive feedback t stand to see another ad again, then them. Are hybrids, you can harvest your potatoes in 18-20 weeks once the plants begin to …! Grow between the seed potato every 12 inches apart in staggered rows what! In tall pots or growing bags garden and one plant will produce good yields, as long the! Dig up, eat up, eat up, and potentially nausea-inducing can plant the potatoes should last for months. Compost-Rich soil with Yates Thrive natural Blood & Bone with Seaweed the Water-Wise at... Hours of sunlight a day, but they don ’ t be able to grow, add more soil hill! The Water-Wise garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the rest to mature do well with too much pine or mulch... You 'll want to look how to grow potatoes what are called `` seed potatoes 12 apart. Drained soil said, you will not be genitally identical to their parent plant 6 inches 15... And tasty, while others will be more successful if you really can’t stand see!

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